See more of the story On Nov. 22, 1969, Martha became a Category 1 hurricane looming off the Caribbean coast of Panama and Costa Rica.

Drifting southward, Martha went on to make landfall over western Panama, where the storm dissipated on the 25th.

Martha killed five people in Costa Rica while wreaking damage worth about $180 million (2010).

Flooding rain, especially for Costa Rica, was the storm's most destructive aspect.

The path of Martha was unusually far south for an Atlantic hurricane, and Martha made the most southerly landfall on record. Moreover, Martha's Caribbean landfall on Panama is the only such landfall on record.

By Senior Meteorologist Jim Andrews