UnitedHealthcare is putting on hold a new policy that would have stopped payments for non-emergency health care provided in ERs beginning next month.
Doctors and hospitals strenuously objected to the plan, with emergency physicians saying the change created risks for patients while threatening progress in the fight against COVID-19.
The feedback prompted the Minnetonka-based health insurance giant to delay implementation "until at least the end of the national public health emergency period," UnitedHealthcare said Thursday in a statement.
"We will use this time to continue to educate consumers, customers and providers on the new policy and help ensure that people visit an appropriate site of service for non-emergency care needs," the insurer said.
The policy delay is a "temporary reprieve for patients, and we urge its full and permanent reversal," Rick Pollack, president and chief executive of the American Hospital Association, said Thursday in a statement.
"If enacted, this policy would have a chilling effect on patients seeking emergency services, with potentially dire consequences for their health," Pollack said. "It is also part of an unfortunate pattern of commercial health insurers denying care for needed services. ... There is no justification for these restrictions now or after the public health emergency."
Minnetonka-based UnitedHealthcare is the nation's largest health insurer.
Under the policy announced this month, the company would review ER claims based on a patient's presenting problem, the intensity of diagnostic services provided and factors such as complicating health conditions. Claims deemed to not meet the criteria of an emergency medical condition, or "non-emergent," wouldn't be covered, the insurer said, or would be subject to limited coverage.
The company said it hoped to promote appropriate use of ERs while reducing health care costs. But physician and hospital groups objected, saying the change could put patients at risk by prompting them to refrain from seeking care. They also questioned whether the savings would be retained by UnitedHealthcare, rather than passed along to its customers.
The American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) said it "strongly condemns" the UnitedHealthcare policy, which is similar, the group said, to others that health insurers have tried to implement over the years. The physician group continues to pursue litigation against Indiana-based Anthem over a similar policy initiated a few years ago.
On Thursday, Laura Wooster, the associate executive director for public affairs at ACEP, said in a statement: "While it's a relief that patients will get a short-term reprieve, United is not getting rid of this dangerous policy — only delaying it."
The policy would have been implemented among fully insured employer groups in 35 states. Minnesota is not one of them, said Tracey Lempner, a UnitedHealthcare spokeswoman.
Back in 2019, the insurer's parent company, Minnetonka-based UnitedHealth Group, published a report that estimated about 18 million emergency department visits per year could be avoided. Moving treatment of common conditions including bronchitis, cough, lower back pain and upper respiratory infection from ERs to urgent care centers and physicians' offices could save the health care system about $32 million, the company estimated.
"The average cost of treating common primary care treatable conditions at a hospital [emergency department] is $2,032," UnitedHealth Group said in a news release at the time. "That number is 12 times higher than visiting a physician office ($167) and 10 times higher than traveling to an urgent care center ($193) to treat those same conditions."
The American College of Emergency Physicians, however, says the federal government estimates that just 3% of emergency visits are "nonurgent." With overlapping symptoms between nonurgent and emergent conditions, the group says, physicians often can't know if symptoms require emergency treatment without a comprehensive evaluation.
The UnitedHealthcare policy comes at a time when hospitals still are working to recover patient volumes that fell during the pandemic, as many patients avoided health care due to COVID-19 concerns. With patients using fewer services, insurers including UnitedHealthcare have benefited financially.
Minneapolis-based Allina Health System saw a 13% decline in emergency room visits during the first quarter compared with the first three months of 2020, according to a financial statement. The year-over-year first quarter drop in ER patients at Fairview Health Services was even steeper at 27%.
There's been a similar pandemic effect in emergency rooms across the country, which makes the timing of the UnitedHealthcare policy "a little tone deaf," said Chas Roades, chief executive of Gist Healthcare, a consulting firm based in Washington D.C.
"I still think we're at a moment where we need to encourage people to use health care in a functional way again," Roades said. "The real concern still, coming out of COVID, ought to be: Are people taking care of themselves, or are they avoiding health care when they should be receiving it?"