When winter sets in and days are shorter and darker, the change in light can wreak havoc on our sleep schedules and moods. But coming home and sitting in a poorly lit, dark space doesn't have to be part of the season. Here's how design experts make rooms feel bright and cheery, even in the dead of winter.
Create layered lighting
You'll get more use out of your lights in the winter than any other time of the year, so make sure you're adequately prepared. And don't despair if you don't have lots of windows, advises Sarah Barney, owner and principal designer of BANDD Design in Austin, Texas. "Embrace what you have since there's only so much you can do." Here's how to build a layered lighting scheme:
Overhead lighting: This is the base that washes the whole room in light. "The type of fixture makes all the difference," said Erin Shakoor, Chicago-based founder of Shakoor Interiors. "Put it as high above your head as possible to avoid dead spots." She likes fixtures with adjustable arms so you can redirect light into areas as necessary. (Many overhead fixtures in rentals can be easily swapped and replaced; check with your landlord.)
Wall and floor lamps: Place wall sconces and floor lamps in strategic locations where you want to highlight wall decor. "The best-lit rooms are the ones where the walls are lit," said LeeAnn Baker, a Seattle-based designer. She uses wall sconces and washers to create "art-like" lighting.
Tabletop lamps: Place these where you need concentrated lighting, Barney said. She likes lighter-colored shades with an open top so light shines through both ends.
Decorative lights: Think candles, string lights and more. Barney prefers an arrangement of pillar candles in an open fireplace or on a tabletop. Kashi Shikunova, partner and interior designer at YAM Studios in London, likes to put strands of string lights in glass bowls.
Switch out your light bulbs
Shakoor suggests switching to light bulbs that are between 2,700 Kelvin and 3,000 Kelvin. Bulbs in this range emit a soft white light that creates a pleasing, warm glow as opposed to the harsh hues we face from office lighting and screens, which can affect the quality of your sleep. Avoid bulbs that look too orange, which can give off an antique look.
Consider your colors
Avoid dark wall colors if you don't have big windows: If you're trying to create the illusion of brightness, lighter colors on the walls are the way to go, experts say. Dark paint is in, but it's best avoided if the goal is to make a space brighter. Dark walls absorb light, which will make a room feel even darker if you don't have an abundance of natural light to begin with, Shakoor said. "You could paint a room black as long as you have appropriate lighting and floor-to-ceiling windows."
Don't make everything the same white: White is the go-to when creating a light, bright and open space, but a room that's entirely the same shade washes everything out. To avoid flatness, Shikunova layers shades of neutrals that complement and contrast with one another to create visual interest. "If you do everything in all white, it may be bright, but it's not necessarily warm," she said. Texture and contrast bring warmth.
Use a reflective paint finish: Baker uses semi-gloss paints on the walls and ceiling or reflective and metallic wallpapers to bounce light around the room. "I love using at least an eggshell because it makes the walls more reflective," she said.
Pick colors that work in low light: "Using a warm, neutral paint color is a great way to feel cozy but not overpowered with colors," Baker said. She likes Benjamin Moore's Edgecomb Gray. Cooler-toned blues and greens, such as sage, interact well with low light and provide a subtle hint of color without looking too dark, Barney says. Two of her go-to colors are Sea Salt and North Star, both by Sherwin-Williams. Baker says using lighter-colored woods and furnishings can also help the room seem lighter. "Darker will always absorb more light, and lighter will always appear brighter."
Paint the ceiling and wall the same color: Unless your space has crown molding, Shakoor suggests keeping the wall and ceiling the same color. It helps the space feel brighter and more open because it doesn't define the end of the ceiling, she said. "It makes the ceiling feel like it's going away," Baker said.
Use mirrors, reflective items
You don't want your space to feel like a fun house, but mirrors and wall decor with brass or metal accents will help bounce light around the room and will create the illusion of a lighter space. In rooms with only one or two small windows, Shakoor suggests hanging a mirror on the wall opposite the window. Barney likes to cluster several small mirrors together or include them in gallery walls.
Window treatments are an easy way to apply this idea: "Fabric with sheen will reflect light and feel less weighty," Shakoor said. Just don't pick anything too heavy, because it will block light. She likes cream, ivory, pale gray and rose. White works well here, too; it filters sunlight inside and creates a glowing effect.
Add some greenery
"Coming in and seeing a bright pop of life creates a good environment and adds visual texture," said Janine Dowling, founder of Boston-based Janine Dowling Interior Design. She suggests buying several small bouquets and spreading them around the areas of your home where you spend the most time. "Big Gerbera daisies are the happiest flowers I've ever seen," she said. She also likes fiddle-leaf fig trees because they're low-maintenance and do well in indirect light. "The big leaves have a lot of texture," she said.