Is Hillary Clinton a great secretary of state? A puff piece in The New York Times Magazine a couple of weeks ago referred to her as a "rock star diplomat," and quoted Google chairman Eric Schmidt calling her "the most significant Secretary of State since Dean Acheson."
(Hmm ... has Schmidt ever heard of some guys named Dulles, Kissinger and Baker?) I'm neither a fan nor a foe of Ms. Clinton, but one can't really call her a great secretary at this point, through no fault of her own.
First the positives. There's no question that Clinton has been terrifically energetic, as well as a loyal team player. In this sense, President Obama's decision to appoint her has worked out brilliantly, due in no small part to her willingness to serve the man who defeated her for the 2008 nomination, and in a broader sense, to serve her country.
She's also proved to be relatively gaffe-free. Insiders with whom I've spoken say she is an excellent boss who elicits considerable loyalty from those around her. And as the Times piece notes, she's helped restore the somewhat battered morale of the foreign service, and used her celebrity to raise public awareness on a number of signature issues.
Nothing to be ashamed of there, and I'd argue her record puts her well ahead of predecessors such as Warren Christopher, William Rogers, Christian Herter, Madeleine Albright, Dean Rusk, Condoleezza Rice or Colin Powell.
The problem, however, is that she's hardly racked up any major achievements. The Chen Guangcheng affair was a nice bit of on-the-fly crisis management, but the fate of a single Chinese dissident won't have much impact on Sino-American relations in the end.
She played little role in extricating us from Iraq, and it is hard to see her fingerprints on the U.S. approach to Afghanistan. She has done her best to smooth the troubled relationship with Pakistan, but anti-Americanism remains endemic in that country. Yes, her belated quasi-apology eventually got the NATO supply trucks rolling again, but it took months to get this matter resolved. She certainly helped get tougher sanctions on Iran, but the danger of war still looms.
Needless to say, she has done nothing to advance the cause of Israeli-Palestinian peace or even to halt Israel's increasingly naked land grab there.
Finally, although she's helped articulate the need for the "pivot" to Asia and has done some effective salesmanship on that topic both at home and in the region, this move was both a geopolitical no-brainer and still faces significant obstacles.
Among other things, the recent debacle over the aborted strategic cooperation agreement between South Korea and Japan (which led to the resignation of one of South Korean President Lee Myung-bak's top aides) is a setback for both Lee and for Clinton's efforts to build a stronger coalition in Asia.
The lack of major accomplishments isn't really her fault, however, for several reasons. First, there just weren't a lot of low-hanging fruit available when the new team took office in 2009. On the contrary, it faced a series of difficult-to-intractable problems, several of which (Iraq, Afghanistan) were likely to end up looking like failures no matter what was done. Even if Clinton had been a magical combination of Bismarck, Machiavelli, Gandhi and Zhou en Lai, she'd have had trouble devising a strategy that could have solved all these problems quickly and without costs.
Second, Clinton isn't a great secretary of state because that is not the role that she's been asked to play in this administration. Dean Acheson, Henry Kissinger and James Baker had extremely close working relationship with the presidents that they served, and each enjoyed far more authority over foreign policy than Clinton has been given by the Obama White House. Obama's initial reliance on a set of "special envoys" diluted Clinton's clout even more, even when some of them (such as the late Richard Holbrooke) were personally close to the secretary.
Add to this the fact that the Pentagon and intelligence community now controls vastly greater resources than the State Department does, and has far more impact on our relations with trouble spots. Indeed, a good case can be made that American foreign policy is still run largely by the military. Instead of seeing military power as one of the tools we use to advance a broad political agenda, today military imperatives tend to dominate, and the diplomats just get sent out to line up some compliant partners and clean things up afterward (see: drone wars).
Which is not to say that Clinton has performed badly. On the contrary, I'd give her high marks for executing the job she was asked to perform, especially given the constraints in which she had to operate. So maybe the "rock star" label is right after all. Rock stars get a lot of attention and sometimes adulation, and sometimes they even deserve it.
Stephen M. Walt is a professor of international relations at Harvard. He wrote this article for Foreign Policy magazine.