ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. – The U.S. Justice Department will double the funding it gives tribes for public safety programs and crime victims as it tries to tackle the high rates of violence against American Indian women, a top official said.
The official said more than $113 million in public safety funding will be doled out to 133 tribes and Alaska Native villages to try to address the issue.
An additional $133 million will be awarded in the coming weeks to tribes to help crime victims, Jesse Panuccio, principal deputy associate attorney general, announced Wednesday in Santa Fe.
Six Minnesota tribes will receive a total of more than $8.6 million, according to the Justice Department. The Lower Sioux Indian Community will receive the largest grant — more than $3.2 million.
The Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe will receive more than $1.9 million, the Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians will get more than $1.3 million and the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe nearly $1.2 million.
The Prairie Island Indian Community will receive nearly $600,000 and the White Earth Reservation Tribal Council about $337,000.
In North Dakota, the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians will receive just over $1 million. In South Dakota, the Rosebud Sioux Tribe and the Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate will split about $750,000.
The announcement comes after a series of stories by the Associated Press helped put an increased focus on the deaths and disappearances of Indian women and girls. Panuccio noted that tribal leaders have called for more robust investigations into those cases and human trafficking.
“We recognize the serious nature of the problem we’re facing, and we are trying, through a variety of strategies — both through the funding and the use of our own prosecutors and building up awareness — to address these issues,” Panuccio said.
For decades, tribes largely had been unable to directly access money in a U.S. program aimed at supporting crime victims nationwide — even as federal figures showed more than half of Indian women faced sexual or domestic violence at some point in their lives.
On some reservations, Indian women are killed at a rate more than 10 times the national average.
Figures at the end of 2017 showed a disproportionate number of Native women listed as missing. Based on figures obtained from an FBI database, AP found this month 633 open missing-person cases for Indian women, who make up 0.4 percent of the U.S. population but 0.7 percent of cases overall.
Black women were the only other group to be overrepresented in the caseload compared with their proportion of the population.
The Justice Department funding increase follows years of congressional efforts to fix a system that many say has left Indian women especially vulnerable to violent crime.
Legal experts and victims’ advocates blame underfunded police departments that lack the resources to investigate crimes and lingering jurisdictional gaps among federal, tribal and local law enforcement agencies that often result in cases going unprosecuted.
A series of congressional proposals are trying to address how authorities handle and track reports of missing women on reservations.
A law proposed by U.S. Sen. Heidi Heitkamp, D-N.D., aims to establish protocols for handling cases of missing and murdered Indians. It also would require annual reports to Congress on the number of missing and murdered Indian women, saying accurate statistics could potentially help authorities detect patterns and solve more cases.
A measure to expand the Violence Against Women Act calls for similar proposals and for amending laws to give tribes authority to prosecute non-Indians. The U.S. Senate voted Tuesday to extend the law in its current form for two more months, delaying proposals to expand it.
“There is still much work to do,” Heitkamp said.
Juana Majel-Dixon, co-chairwoman of a National Congress of American Indians task force established to address violence against women, welcomed the increase in funding that she and others spent years advocating for, though she still questions whether the money will stretch far enough.
“When you think about the enormity of [the number of] victims we’re talking about, the money being provided has been graciously received,” she said. “But it’s not enough.”
Star Tribune staff writer John Reinan contributed to this report.